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Inzitizi mugushushanya ibikoresho byubuvuzi

Abatanga ibikoresho byiki gihe basabwe gukora ibikoresho byujuje ibyifuzo byubuvuzi bugenda butera imbere.Mu nganda zigenda zitera imbere, plastiki zikoreshwa mubikoresho byubuvuzi zigomba kuba zishobora kurwanya ubushyuhe, isuku, hamwe nudukoko twangiza, hamwe no kwambara no kurira bazahura nabyo buri munsi.Abakora ibikoresho byumwimerere (OEM) bagomba gutekereza kuri plastiki idafite halogene, kandi itangwa rya opaque rigomba kuba rigoye, ririnda umuriro, kandi rikaboneka mumabara menshi.Mugihe izo mico zose zigomba gusuzumwa, birakenewe kandi ko umutekano wumurwayi uzirikana.

Challenges

Kwimukira mu bitaro
Plastiki yo hambere yagenewe guhangana nubushyuhe yahise ibona umwanya mubuvuzi, aho hakenewe kandi ibikoresho bigoye kandi byizewe.Mugihe plastike nyinshi zinjiye mubitaro, havutse ikintu gishya cya plastiki yubuvuzi: kurwanya imiti.Ibyo bikoresho byakoreshwaga mu bikoresho byakozwe mu gutanga imiti ikaze, nk'iyakoreshejwe mu kuvura indwara ya oncologiya.Ibikoresho byasabye kurwanya imiti kugirango bikomeze kuramba no kuba inyangamugayo mugihe cyose imiti yatangwaga.

Isi Yangiza Yangiza
Urundi rubanza rwo kurwanya imiti rwaje mu buryo bwa disinfectant zikarishye zikoreshwa mu kurwanya indwara zandurira mu bitaro (HAIs).Imiti ikomeye muri ziriya miti yica udukoko irashobora kugabanya plastike zimwe na zimwe mugihe, bigatuma itagira umutekano kandi idakwiye isi yubuvuzi.Kubona ibikoresho birwanya imiti byabaye akazi katoroshye kuri OEM, kubera ko ibitaro bihura n’amabwiriza menshi yo gukuraho HAI.Abakozi bo mubuvuzi nabo bahindura ibikoresho kenshi kugirango babitegure gukoreshwa, bifata intera ndende kubikoresho byubuvuzi.Ibi ntibishobora kwirengagizwa;umutekano wumurwayi ningirakamaro cyane kandi ibikoresho bisukuye nibyingenzi, plastike rero ikoreshwa mubuvuzi igomba kuba ishobora kwihanganira kwanduza buri gihe.

Mugihe imiti yica udukoko igenda ikomera kandi igakoreshwa kenshi, gukenera imiti irwanya ibikoresho bikoreshwa mugutezimbere ibikoresho byubuvuzi bikomeje kwiyongera.Kubwamahirwe, ntabwo ibikoresho byose bifite imiti ihagije, ariko bigurishwa nkaho bifite.Ibi biganisha kubintu bifatika bivamo kuramba no kwizerwa mubikoresho byanyuma.

Mubyongeyeho, abashushanya ibikoresho bakeneye gusuzuma neza imibare irwanya imiti berekanwe.Ikizamini cyo kwibiza mugihe gito ntigaragaza neza sterisizasiya ikorwa mugihe uri muri serivisi.Kubwibyo, ni ngombwa kubatanga ibikoresho kugirango bakomeze kwibanda kubintu byose bya ngombwa mugihe baremye ibikoresho bishobora kurwanya imiti yangiza.

Ibikoresho bya Halogenated muri Recycling
Mubihe aho abaguzi bahangayikishijwe nibicuruzwa byabo - kandi abarwayi bo mubitaro bagenda barushaho kumenya plastiki zikoreshwa mugihe cyubuvuzi - OEM igomba gutekereza kubyo ibikoresho byabo bikozwe.Urugero rumwe ni bisphenol A (BPA).Nkuko hari isoko rya plastike idafite BPA mu nganda zubuvuzi, niko hakenerwa cyane plastiki idafite halogene.

Halogène nka bromine, fluorine, na chlorine birakora cyane kandi bishobora guteza ingaruka mbi kubidukikije.Iyo ibikoresho byubuvuzi bikozwe mubikoresho bya pulasitike birimo ibyo bintu ntibisubirwe neza cyangwa ngo bijugunywe neza, harikibazo cya halogene irekurwa mubidukikije kandi ikabyitwaramo nibindi bintu.Hari impungenge ko ibikoresho bya pulasitiki bya halogene bizarekura imyuka yangiza kandi yubumara mumuriro.Ibi bintu bigomba kwirindwa muri plastiki yubuvuzi, kugirango bigabanye ingaruka zumuriro ningaruka mbi kubidukikije.

Umukororombya wibikoresho
Mubihe byashize, plastike idafite BPA yarasobanutse neza, kandi irangi ryongeweho gusa kugirango rihindure ibikoresho mugihe cyo kwamamaza cyangwa kurangi nkuko byasabwe na OEM.Noneho, harakenewe cyane plastike idasobanutse, nkibigenewe kubamo insinga z'amashanyarazi.Abatanga ibikoresho bakorana ninsinga zamazu bakeneye kumenya neza ko zidacana umuriro, kugirango birinde umuriro w'amashanyarazi mugihe insinga zidakwiye.

Ku rindi somo, OEM ikora ibyo bikoresho ifite ibara ryamabara atandukanye ashobora guhabwa ibirango byihariye cyangwa kubwiza bwiza.Kubera iyo mpamvu, abatanga ibikoresho bakeneye kumenya neza ko barimo gukora ibikoresho bishobora gukoreshwa mugutezimbere ibikoresho byubuvuzi mubirango byamabara ashaka, mugihe harebwa kandi ibice byavuzwe haruguru, hamwe na chimique na sterilisation.

Abatanga ibikoresho bafite ibitekerezo byinshi bagomba kuzirikana mugihe bashizeho ituro rishya rizahanganira imiti yica udukoko hamwe nuburyo bwo kuboneza urubyaro.Bakeneye gutanga ibikoresho byujuje ubuziranenge bwa OEM, haba hamwe nimiti irimo cyangwa itongeweho, cyangwa ibara ryibikoresho.Mugihe ibi aribintu byingenzi tugomba gusuzuma, cyane cyane, abatanga ibikoresho bagomba guhitamo bizarinda abarwayi bo mubitaro umutekano.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Gashyantare-07-2017