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Kwishyira hamwe Ibikoresho byubuvuzi: Isi Yibishoboka

Mu mateka, ibikoresho byubuvuzi byashyizwe mu bwigunge, bifatirwa muri silos, buriwese ufite protocole yihariye yitumanaho, guhuza umubiri, igipimo cyo kuvugurura, hamwe na terminologiya, ariko iterambere ryingenzi ryashyize ibikoresho byubuvuzi kumurongo wihindagurika kuva mubishushanyo mbonera no kubikurikirana kugeza abarwayi bakurikirana. no gutabara.

Bikurikiranwe binyuze mumakuru atandukanye, bigenda byigihe gito, abaganga barashobora gukoresha amakuru yamateka nigihe nyacyo kugirango boroherezwe gufata ibyemezo byubuvuzi bishingiye kumihindagurikire.

Inganda zita ku buzima ninzira ndende yo kumenya imikoranire rusange yibikoresho byubuvuzi.Nubwo amabwiriza ya federasiyo nivugurura, iterambere ryikoranabuhanga, societe yinganda, nimiryango isanzwe, hamwe ninganda zitandukanye nibisabwa mubucuruzi byashishikarije bamwe mubakora inganda, ibikoresho byinshi byubuvuzi biracyasaba ko imiterere yabyo ihindurwa mubintu bisanzwe kandi bihuriweho na sisitemu yubuzima IT, haba mubisobanuro no muburyo bwohererezanya ubutumwa.

Sisitemu yo kwifashisha ibikoresho byubuvuzi (MDDS) ibikoresho byo hagati bizakomeza gukenerwa gukuramo amakuru mubyiciro bimwe na bimwe byibikoresho byubuvuzi ukoresheje ibisobanuro byabacuruzi, hanyuma uhindure kandi ubimenyeshe kubitabo byubuzima bwa elegitoronike (EHR), ububiko bwamakuru, cyangwa ubundi buryo bwo gutanga amakuru kugirango ubishyigikire koresha imanza nkibishushanyo mbonera, inkunga yubuvuzi, nubushakashatsi.Ibyatanzwe mubikoresho byubuvuzi byahujwe nandi makuru mubyanditswe byabarwayi kugirango habeho ishusho yuzuye kandi yuzuye yimiterere yabarwayi.

Ubugari nubunini bwubushobozi bwa MDDS bwo hagati byorohereza uburyo ibitaro, sisitemu yubuzima nandi mashyirahamwe atanga serivisi bishobora kuvumbura uburyo bwo gukoresha amakuru ava mubikoresho muri sisitemu yo kwandika.Gukoresha amakuru kugirango utezimbere imicungire yubuvuzi no gufata ibyemezo byamavuriro uhita uzirikana - ariko ibyo bishushanya gusa hejuru yibishoboka.

Medical1

Ubushobozi bwo Kubona Data
Muri make, MDDS yo hagati ikeneye gushobora gukura amakuru episodic mubikoresho byubuvuzi no kuyihindura muburyo busanzwe.Byongeye kandi, ibikoresho byo hagati bigomba gushobora kubona amakuru kumuvuduko uhindagurika kugirango byuzuze ibisabwa mubikorwa bitandukanye byubuvuzi (urugero, ibyumba byo gukoreramo hamwe nubuvuzi bukomeye hamwe nubuvuzi-bwo kubaga).

Imbonerahamwe ya Clinical intera iratandukanye bitewe nibisabwa kwa clinique kuva amasegonda 30 kugeza kumasaha menshi.Umuvuduko mwinshi, munsi yisegonda ya kabiri, urimo ibipimo byerekana ibipimo bya monitor ya physiologic, umuvuduko wumuvuduko ukomoka kumashanyarazi, hamwe namakuru yo gutabaza yatanzwe mubikoresho byubuvuzi.

Gukoresha amakuru yo kwerekana no gusesengura, gusesengura ibintu, hamwe nubushobozi bwo gutunganya amakuru yakusanyirijwe aho yita kugirango habeho amakuru mashya nabyo bitera igipimo cyo gukusanya amakuru.Ubushobozi bwo kugarura amakuru kubiciro bihinduka, harimo kurwego rwamasegonda, bisaba ubushobozi bwa tekiniki kuruhande rwumucuruzi wo hagati, ariko birasaba kandi ubushobozi bwo kugenzura muburyo bwa FDA, byerekana ko ibikoresho byo hagati bishobora kwerekana ko byagabanije ingaruka zijyanye no kumenyekanisha amakuru menshi yo gutabaza no gusesengura - ndetse no gukurikirana abarwayi no gutabara.

Ingaruka zo Kwitabira Igihe-Igihe
Ibikoresho byo hagati birashobora gukoreshwa kugirango bikuremo amakuru mubikoresho byubuvuzi hanyuma ubihuze nandi makuru mubyanditswe byabarwayi kugirango habeho ishusho yuzuye kandi yuzuye yuburwayi bwubu.Guhuza isesengura hamwe namakuru-nyayo mugihe cyo gukusanya birema igikoresho gikomeye cyo guhanura no gushyigikira ibyemezo.

Ibi bitera kwibaza ibibazo bijyanye n'umutekano w'abarwayi n'urwego rw'ibyago byafashwe n'ibitaro.Nigute inyandiko zumurwayi zikeneye gutandukana nigihe gikenewe cyo gutabara abarwayi?Niki amakuru yigihe-nyacyo atemba niki kitari?

Kuberako amakuru akoreshwa mugihe nyacyo cyo gutabarana, nkibimenyesha amavuriro, bigira ingaruka kumutekano wumurwayi, gutinda kwabo kubantu babishoboye birashobora kugira ingaruka zidasanzwe.Rero, ni ngombwa gusobanukirwa ningaruka zisabwa kubukererwe bwamakuru, igisubizo, nubunyangamugayo.

Ubushobozi bwibisubizo bitandukanye byo hagati biruzuzanya, ariko haribintu byububiko byubaka nibisabwa bigomba gutekerezwa, hanze yihariye ya software cyangwa uburyo bwo kubona amakuru.

FDA
Mubuzima bwubuzima bwa IT, FDA 510 (k) itunganya igenga ibikoresho byubuvuzi no gutumanaho kubikoresho byubuvuzi.Kimwe mu bitandukanya sisitemu yububiko bwubuvuzi bugamije gukoresha imbonerahamwe no kugenzura neza ni uko izo sisitemu zahanaguwe kugira ngo zigenzurwe neza zerekanye ubushobozi bwo gutumanaho amakuru neza n’impuruza zisabwa mu gusuzuma no gutabara abarwayi.

Ubushobozi bwo gukuramo amakuru no kuyahindura muri sisitemu yo kwandika ni bimwe mubyo FDA ibona ko ari MDDS.FDA isaba ko MDDS ibisubizo byo gutwara FDA Icyiciro cya I ibyangombwa rusange.Ibindi bice, nkibimenyesha no gukurikirana abarwayi bakora, birenze urugero - kwimura, kubika, guhindura no kwerekana-ubushobozi bwa MDSS busanzwe.Ukurikije iryo tegeko, niba MDDS ikoreshwa ibirenze ibyo yagenewe, ibi bihindura umutwaro wo kugenzura no kubahiriza ibitaro bizahita bishyirwa mubikorwa.

Icyiciro cya kabiri gishobora kugerwaho nu mucuruzi wo hagati yerekana ibicuruzwa byerekana ingaruka ko yagabanije neza ingaruka zamakuru kugirango akoreshwe mubikorwa bizima, byaba bihuye nogutumanaho gutabaza cyangwa gukora amakuru mashya avuye mumibare fatizo yakusanyijwe kuva ibikoresho byo kwa muganga.

Kugirango umucuruzi wo hagati asabe uruhushya rwo gukurikirana abarwayi, bagomba kuba bafite igenzura ryuzuye hamwe n’uburinganire kugira ngo bakire kandi batange amakuru yose y’abarwayi agamije gutabara kuva ku ndunduro - kuva aho bakusanyiriza (ibikoresho byubuvuzi) kugeza kubyara ingingo (umuganga).Na none kandi, ubushobozi bwo gutanga ku gihe no kwakira amakuru akenewe mugutabara no gukurikirana abarwayi neza, ni itandukaniro ryingenzi.

Gutanga amakuru, Itumanaho, n'Ubunyangamugayo
Kugirango ushyigikire gukurikirana abarwayi no kugenzura itangwa ryamakuru, inzira yitumanaho kuva mubikoresho byubuvuzi kuryama kugeza kubakira bigomba kwemeza gutanga amakuru mugihe cyagenwe.Kugirango yemeze itangwa, sisitemu igomba guhora ikurikirana iyo nzira yitumanaho ikanatanga raporo niba nigihe amakuru abangamiwe cyangwa ubundi yatinze kurenza urugero ntarengwa rwemewe rwo gutinda no kwinjiza.

Itumanaho ryuburyo bubiri ryemeza ko gutanga amakuru no kugenzura bitabangamira cyangwa ngo bibangamire imikorere yubuvuzi.Ibi nibyingenzi byingenzi mugushakisha kugenzura ibikoresho byubuvuzi cyangwa mugihe amakuru yo gutabaza amenyeshejwe umurwayi ukora.

Muri sisitemu yo hagati yakuweho kugirango igenzure neza abarwayi, ubushobozi bwo guhindura amakuru burashoboka.Algorithms yo gukora impinduka, kubara ibisubizo bya kaminuza, naho ubundi gusobanura amakuru bigomba gutambuka no kwemezwa kubintu byose bigenewe ibikorwa byubuvuzi, harimo nuburyo bwo kunanirwa.Umutekano wamakuru, ibitero byibasiye amakuru, ibikoresho byubuvuzi, no guhakana serivisi, hamwe nincungu zose zifite ubushobozi bwo guhindura ubudakemwa bwamakuru kandi ibyo bisabwa bigomba gukemurwa hifashishijwe ibintu byihariye kandi bikemezwa hakoreshejwe ibizamini.

Ibipimo byubuvuzi rusange ntibizabaho nijoro, nubwo byashimishije kumenya kwimuka kwa buhoro buhoro muburyo busanzwe.Ibikoresho n'ibikorwa bigenga umunsi mwisi hamwe nigiciro kinini mubushoramari, iterambere, kugura, no kugenzura.Ibi bishimangira icyifuzo cyo kugira uburyo bwuzuye kandi bureba imbere muguhitamo ibikoresho byubuvuzi hamwe nibikoresho bitanga ibikoresho bishobora gufasha tekiniki nubuvuzi bikenewe mumuryango wawe wita kubuzima.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Mutarama-12-2017